What is it? How does it happen?
A Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) occurs when blood flow is cut off, usually due to a clot in the vessel, much like a traffic jam. Much needed nutrients found in the blood are unable to get to the brain tissue. Without nutrients and oxygen, brain tissue dies. This usually feels like some combination of sudden neurological symptoms, some of which are outlined below. Because brain tissue does not regenerate, it is very important to call 911 to save as much brain tissue as possible. A stroke leads to irreversible brain damage, whereas a TIA is a reversible change in blood flow to the brain. Think of TIA as a warning sign- it is a golden opportunity to find out why you had a TIA, in hopes of preventing the stroke.
What Does a Stroke feel like?
Signs and symptoms
Sudden onset of (usually) a combination of:
- Numbness of your face, arm, and/or leg
- Weakness of your face (facial droop), arm, and/or leg
- Difficulty speaking or understanding words
- Change or loss of vision
- Loss of coordination or balance
- Difficulty walking
- Sometimes: vertigo, vomiting, sudden loss of consciousness, altered mental status.
Who typically gets it?
There are a number of risk factors for stroke; many are related to your lifestyle, but some are out of your control, such as genetics. Here, we will talk about the most common modifiable stroke risk factors.
What can be done if I am having a stroke?
IV tPA (Clot Buster)
If you are a candidate, you may recieve a medication to break up the clot causing a stroke.
If able to reach the clot safely, and you are a good candidate, your doctors may try to remove the clot.
Swelling and/or bleeding of the stroke site may require an emergency surgery, typically to release the pressure on the brain.
Whether or not you are a candidate for any of the above, you may receive medical management, which typically includes lifstyle modifications, such as blood pressure, sugar, and cholesterol management, blood thinners, and therapy.
How can MIND help?
Not only do we consult on your case to perform a Root Cause Analysis, you will also learn new habits to prevent stroke or stroke recurrence.
The Bottom Line
Stroke can be life threatening or severely disabling. It is a medical emergency. If you or someone you know may be having a stroke, call 911!
Signs and Symptoms- remember FAST:
F– Facial droop (or numbness)
A– Arm weakness (or leg weakness)
S– Speech difficulty
T– Time to call 911
Take a deeper dive: